LE CORBUSIER 本名はCharles・Edouard Jeanneret・Gris(シャルル・エドゥアール・ジャンヌレ)。1887年スイスのラ・ショー=ド=フォンに時計職人の父とピアノ教師の母の間に生を受け、装飾美術学校に進学するが、建築家を志すようになる。 フランスを拠点として活動した近代建築の三大巨匠のひとり。絵画、彫刻、版画、タピスリー、映像などの制作も行った多才な芸術家でもあった。実は建築家としてより先に画家としてデビューしている。午前中は絵画などの創作活動を行い、午後から建築の仕事を行っていた。建築家としての主な作品に「サヴォア邸」、「ロンシャンの礼拝堂」、「ユニテ・ダビタシオン」、「国立西洋美術館」などがある。氏の建築の特徴としてピロティ(柱)、自由な平面、自由な立面、骨組と壁を分離させたことによる自由なファサードの確立、屋上庭園が挙げられる。ル・コルビュジェ1887 6 October: Le Corbusier (actually Charles Jeanneret) was born as the son of a designer and a musicteacher in La Chaux-de-Fonds (Switzerland).1900 Training as an engraver, painter and goldsmith at the École d'Art in La Chaux-de-Fonds.1900 Training as an engraver, painter and goldsmith at the École d'Art in La Chaux-de-Fonds.1907-11 Le Corbusier is taking an extended study trip through Europe. He has worked in numerous cities, including Berlin, Dresden and Vienna, in leading architectural firms.1914 Er entwickelt ein Eisenbeton-Skelett-System "Domino" für mehrgeschossige Bauten.Berufung auf einen Lehrstuhl der Kunsthochschule in La Chaux-de-Fonds.1917 Moves to Paris. 1918 Le Corbusier painted his first oil painting. His favorite subject is the image clearly structured style of life, such as "Vertical Guitar" and "Still Life with a pile of plates".1919 He signed for the first time articles with the pseudonym Le Corbusier. At this time, takes the transformation from a "craftsman" Jeanneret to the "architects of the modern movement" Le Corbusier.1922 He publishes its urban design in the form of a project of a city for three million inhabitants, the principle of "Radiant City".1923 His architectural writings published as a book under the title "Vers une Architecture".Participation in an exhibition of the Bauhaus in Weimar. He is in close contact and exchange with German architects such as Walter Gropius and Bruno Taut.1925 At the Paris "L'Exposition des Arts Decoratifs" a pavilion Le Corbusier and his friends dedicated. It's titled "L'Esprit Nouveau".1927 Le Corbusier is involved with several designs in the construction of the Stuttgart Weissenhofsiedlung.1928 Le Corbusier ist Mitbegründer der "Congrès Internationaux d´Architecture Moderne" (CIAM), die ihre Tagungen bis in die 50er Jahre hinein abhalten. ab1929 He has worked and built as a town planner in the world significant large buildings such as the night shelter of the Salvation Army in Paris (1929-1933) and the Swiss House at the Cité Universitaire in Paris (1930-1932).1930 Marriage to Yvonne Gallis.1933 CIAM is in the "Charter of Athens" out guiding principles for urban development.1936-45 Entwurf für das Bildungsministerium in Rio de Janeiro. Le Corbusier nutzt hier das Element des Sonnenschutzes für die Gestaltung der Fassade und legt damit den Grundstein zu einer neuen-Entwicklung der Formgebung unter funktionalen Gesichtspunkten. 1943 During the Second World War versa Le Corbusier, supporters of the French Vichy government, back to occupied Paris.He founded the "Assemblée des Constructeurs pour une Rénovation Architecturale" (Association of the designers for architectural renewal) to shape after the war with young architects reconstruction.ab1946 Nach dem Krieg weisen seine Bauten, etwa die Unité d'habitation in Marseilles, zunehmend skulpturale Formen auf. 1950-54 Construction of the Sanctuary of Notre-Dame-du-Haut in Ronchamps, one designed after plastic construction ideas.1961-64 Construction of the Carpenter Center for Visual Arts at Harvard University.1965 27 August: Le Corbusier died near Cap Martin, near Nice.POLISH TILE038 LEC CATALOG